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Hepatitis B

INFORMATION ABOUT HEPATITIS B

Hepatitis b uses

Hepatitis B is used to prevent Hepatitis B virus infection.

How hepatitis b works

Hepatitis b is a vaccine. It helps develop immunity by initiating a mild infection. This type of infection does not cause illness, but it does stimulate the body's immune system to produce antibodies to protect against any future infections.

Common side effects of hepatitis b

Neuropathy, Pain, Paralysis, Abdominal pain, Anaphylactic reaction, Angioedema (swelling of deeper layers of skin), Convulsion, Diarrhoea, Dizziness, Fatigue, Fever, Headache, Decreased blood pressure, Itching, Feeling of discomfort, Meningitis, Muscle pain, Nausea, Rash, Skin redness, Vomiting, Weakness
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Description of Hepatitis B prophylaxis

Description
 
The liver is the largest organ inside your body. It helps your body digest food, store energy, and remove poisons. Hepatitis is an inflammation of the liver. One type, hepatitis B, is caused by the Hepatitis B virus (HBV).
 
Causes and Risk Factors
 
1. Hepatitis B spreads by contact with an infected person's blood, semen, or other body fluid.
2. An infected woman can give hepatitis B to her baby at birth.
 
Signs and Symptoms
 
Common symptoms include:
1. Flu-like symptoms
2. Yellowing of skin and eyes (Jaundice)
3. Dark-colored urine
4. Pale stools
Some people have no symptoms at all. A blood test can tell if you have it.
HBV usually gets better on its own after a few months. If it does not get better, it is called chronic HBV, which lasts a lifetime. Chronic HBV can lead to cirrhosis (scarring of the liver), liver failure, or liver cancer.

Treatment

1. Adequate rest, nutrition and fluid intake is all that may be needed for management of acute hepatitis B. 
2. Antiviral medications and Interferon is used in the treatment of Chronic Hepatitis B
3. Liver transplant may be needed in severe cases. 
 
Prevention

There is a vaccine for HBV. It requires three shots. All babies should get the vaccine, but older children and adults can get it too. If you travel to countries where hepatitis B is common, you should get the vaccine.
 
NIH: National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases

 

 

EXPERT ADVICE FOR HEPATITIS B

 

  • Inform your doctor before taking the vaccine if you have a weakened immune system due to cancer, use of anti-cancer drugs, dialysis or HIV infection.
  • Inform your doctor before taking the vaccine if you are old, obese or if you smoke.
  • Tell your doctor if you fainted during earlier vaccination with hepatitis B or if you have problems with blood clotting or if you have hepatitis B infection or live in an area prone to hepatitis B infection.
  • Do not drive or operate heavy machinery as the vaccine may make you feel dizzy.
  • Tell your doctor if you are pregnant, planning to become pregnant or are breastfeeding.
  • Do not take if allergic to hepatitis B or any other vaccines or any of its ingredients.
  • Do not take if having fever.

 

FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS FOR HEPATITIS B

Hepatitis B

Q. Is hepatitis B infection curable?

No. In most cases, the symptoms of hepatitis B infection is resolved within 4-8 weeks but person remain infected for lifetime. In some cases, however, symptoms may persist for a longer time (chronic infection)

Q. Is hepatitis B infection fatal or life-threatening?

Yes. Hepatitis B infection symptoms, if present for a longer time, may cause chronic infection, liver cirrhosis or liver cancer

Q. Is hepatitis B infection contagious?

Yes. Hepatitis B virus infection is contagious